Global hop marketA local alternative to mass beer suggested by independent brewers has been successful and is now altering the global market. Beer is becoming more diversified, so transnational companies have to accept the new game rules and to switch focus to young and fast growing markets. All these processes increased the demand for aroma and bitter hop as well as their acreage expansion on two continents. However now there appeared a downward trend of alcohol consumption in the world, so even special sorts can soon turn to be sufficient. In this connection the dynamic American hop market is already facing some problems. EU hop producers have become more cautious, they are not racing to exceed the demand and look forward with more confidence, judging by the contract terms.
Hop Market in RussiaGermany still dominates the Russian market, yet over the recent two years one has been able observe a continuous success of Czech hop suppliers. Their expansion and growing popularity of hops from the United States became the drivers of supplies growth in 2016 despite the preceding modest harvest crop in the EU, as well as the factor of relative stability in 2017. In this connection, in 2017, the ratio of the varieties continued to shift towards the aroma ones, and the supplies of Magnum hop and other alpha varieties were reduced. However, the import of bitter hop pellets is partially replaced by extracts, especially from the major beer manufacturers. Total volumes of alpha acid supplies, according to our estimation, decreased by approximately 5% and returned to the level of 2015. Barth Haas Group continues dominating the hop products market; HVG also increased its weight. At the same time, Morris Hanbury significantly reduced the supplies in 2017.
10+1 trends of Russian beer market 2015-2017Despite of the moderately negative prognoses for 2017, the beer market can be stabilized soon. Yet the years of the negative dynamics have resulted in marketing being limited just to “optimization” and the art of balancing between price and volumes. Bigger supermarkets share means stronger trade marketing. These processes are connected to the majority of the described trends. At the same time, the federal brands inflation leads to searching for new tastes, sales channels and contact formats that expand the product range and diversify the beer market, but do not imply a substantial volume increase. Let us enumerate and further discuss the ten trends of the beer market we can see in 2015-2017 as well as the major event of 2017.
Beer market of Ukraine 2017In the first half of 2017, the Ukrainian beer market goes on decreasing slowly. Yet, the companies manage to compensate their lost volumes by raising prices and improving the sales structures. This results in the mid price market segment reduction while the sales of premium brands are rising. These processes are connected to position strengthening of companies Carlsberg Group and Oasis and the market share reduction of Obolon. Most of the novelties by the market leaders belong to craft or hard lemon categories.
Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Russia. Parliament backs beer sales restrictions
Russia's State Duma passed the latest raft of proposals to restrict alcohol sales in a first reading this week. It means that beer is one step closer to being officially-listed as an alcoholic drink in the country.
If that happens, beer could be subject to similar sales restrictions as spirits. However, the Union of Russian Brewers is hopeful that beer will avoid some of the worst restrictions.
Alongside the move to reclassify beer, the current alcohol bill would also ban alcohol sales between the hours of 23:00 and 08:00 across Russia. Producers would also be banned from selling so-called long drinks, which excludes hard spirits, in packs of more than 330ml.
However, a Carlsberg spokesperson in Russia told just-drinks that the volume restriction would only apply to drinks of less than 7% abv and that beer has been exempted. Similarly, the night-time sales ban would only apply to beers of more than 5% abv.
With two more readings to go in the Duma, there also remains time for amendments to the current bill.
Perhaps more seriously for brewers, it is also thought possible that alcohol could be banned from sporting events in Russia. Meanwhile, all alcoholic drinks producers may have to begin printing health warnings on labels.
In January this year, after the proposals emerged, analyst group Sanford Bernstein said that the new restrictions would be "most likely incrementally negative but not material for the beer industry". Brewers have spent the last year digesting a three-fold tax hike on beer in Russia.
Carlsberg said in its full-year results statement this week that it expects Russia's beer market to return to growth in 2011. The market should expand by between 2% and 4% in volume, said the group, which owns the country's leading brewer, Baltika Breweries.
25 Feb. 2011