Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Heineken’s Shelf-Improvement Strategy
"Sales of beer in bars and restaurants have declined in the past years and will continue to decline, due to stricter regulations on advertising, the smoking ban in bars and restaurants in many European countries," says Mr. Debrosse. "This has shied people more away from beer than the economic crisis."
"In addition, tastes have changed; people would now rather drink a prosecco or ros? wine, whereas they would previously order a beer," he says.
For a company that has traditionally focused on selling beer for consumption outside the home, this change necessitates a serious rethinking of marketing strategy.
On top of the slow decline of bar and restaurant sales come Europe's demographics; the population is aging and as it does so, it is drinking less. In 2010, Heineken's Western European sales declined 4.6% to €7.89 billion ($11.3 billion).
"Older people go out less. The average 55-year-old European drinks 35 liters of beer a year, whereas the average 25-year-old consumes 150 liters," Mr. Debrosse says.
And this matters more to Heineken, the world's third-largest brewer by sales after Anheuser-Busch InBev NV and SABMiller PLC, because it is more exposed to the low-growth European market than any of its peers. In 2010, Heineken generated nearly half of its sales and around 40% of its operational profit in Western Europe. Nomura estimates it will generate 51% of its operational profit from Western Europe between 2010 and 2015, compared with only 7% for AB InBev, in the 2010-to-2015 period.
The acquisition in 2009 of the brewing operations of Mexico's Fomento Economico Mexicano, or Femsa, the second-largest brewer in Latin America, will reduce Heineken's reliance on the mature Western European market, but this market will, nevertheless, remain an important contributor to the group's profitability, Mr. Debrosse says.
If Heineken want to raise its game it needs to find new ways to sell beer to aging, bar-shy Europeans. One key move has been toward transforming itself into an enterprise that operates along the lines of fast-moving consumer-goods companies such as Procter & Gamble, Unilever and Nestl? SA—companies that really understand high-volume supermarket retailing.
In 2009, it appointed former Procter & Gamble manager Alexis Nasard as global commerce director. Other brewers have also appointed senior executives from FMCG companies, such as AB InBev's chief marketing officer, who joined from Coca-Cola, and Carlsberg's chief executive, who previously worked at Gillette.
Heineken will also step up its advertising and promotion spending, some 12% of revenue in 2010, to move closer to the 15%-20% that companies such as Nestl?, Unilever or Groupe Danone SA customarily spend.
"At present, the beer shelves in many major retailers look terrible, making the consumer want to leave them as soon as possible," Mr. Debrosse says.
Mr. Debrosse sees making these shelves more attractive as key to Heineken's strategy, and this involves entering into cooperation agreements with retailers on presentation and promotion. Its first agreement was signed with Carrefour, the world's second-largest retailer, at the end of 2009.
The cooperation with Carrefour will initially focus on France, Spain, Italy and Belgium, but Mr. Debrosse doesn't rule out an expansion to other countries or even continents. "Together with Carrefour, we are trying to grow the beer category, which is beneficial to both the retailer and the supplier," Mr. Debrosse says.
"Since we started cooperating with Carrefour last year, sales at Carrefour have been up 3% more than at other retailers in 2010," Mr. Debrosse says. But it will take at least two or three years to fully implement the initiatives in all Carrefour outlets, he adds.
As well as making shelving displays more attractive, Heineken will introduce its own branded refrigerators, and create special shelves to give prominence to its five-liter kegs.
It also plans to make the most of its sponsorship of the UEFA Champions League, a European football competition, by holding tournament-themed events at Carrefour and bringing entertainment into the shops with screens showing highlights of the matches.
Mr. Debrosse stresses that "the cooperation is not so much focused on [price] promotions" but on creating a different kind of shopping experience. Price-cutting can be quickly matched by competitors. "It is difficult to compete on price as retailers follow each other's promotions quickly. We therefore need to attract the shopper with something else," he says.
Walking down the beer aisle in a Carrefour hypermarket in a suburb in Paris, shoppers can't escape the Heineken brand. They are confronted with a choice of 12 different packages of the Dutch brewer's flagship brand in neatly stacked cans and bottles of various sizes, next to a similar amount of choice in Heineken's Desperados, a beer flavored with tequila. The two brands take up about 75% of the store's beer shelves.
Mr. Debrosse says he expects to be able to boost Carrefour's beer sales by a high-single-digit percentage in the next three years, with Heineken, as the initiator, taking the largest percentage of the growth.
And while other brewers are also in talks with retailers to make their displays more tempting, they are doing it on a country-by-country basis, Mr. Debrosse says, whereas Heineken can use its European scale and market position to agree on European-wide agreements with the retailers, as it has done with Carrefour.
Heineken says it has the No. 1 position in the U.K., Spain, Ireland, Portugal and its home market, the Netherlands, in terms of sales volume.
Meanwhile, it has recently started talks with U.K. supermarket giant Tesco PLC as well as Germany's Metro AG and Lidl on cooperation agreements similar to the one it has with Carrefour.
The brewer is also planning to roll out its Desperados brand across Europe this year, following the solid growth of the tequila-flavored beer in France.
14 Jun. 2011