Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Japanese, US makers pour it on in Southeast Asia
UACJ, the biggest aluminum-rolling company in Japan, will spend more than 10 billion yen ($88.4 million) to expand a Thai sheet production plant by 70% in two to three years. Full-blown output began at this Rayong Province site last fall.
The company has already spent 55 billion on the plant, whose annual capacity now reaches 180,000 tons. It will install more rolling equipment and set up finishing lines in a 150,000-sq.-meter open space to bring capacity to 300,000 tons -- on a par with UACJ's biggest Japanese plant, a facility in Fukui Prefecture. UACJ was born from the 2013 merger of Furukawa-Sky and Sumitomo Light Metal Industries.
Those who can
UACJ sees the Southeast Asian and Australian markets for aluminum cans expanding 40% from current levels to a combined 26 billion cans in 2020. "We will ride a wave of growth," said Takayoshi Nakano, a senior managing executive officer.
Just as beverages in aluminum cans quickly gained popularity in Japan following their 1971 introduction amid a fast-growing economy, demand for the lightweight, corrosion-resistant containers is seen growing sharply in Southeast Asia.
"I stock up on cans of soda because my two elementary-school-aged daughters love cola and other sodas," a homemaker in Hanoi said.
Companies that make aluminum cans using sheet from UACJ are also expanding capacity. Ball, the world's leading can manufacturer, is seen opening its first Myanmar plant to produce aluminum beverage cans in the first half. Fellow American company Crown Holdings is strengthening Thai and Vietnamese facilities opened in 2013.
Japan's Showa Denko plans to lift capacity at a plant near Hanoi by about 50% to 2 billion cans a year by 2018, spending some 6 billion yen via a Vietnamese unit.
Vietnam consumes about 23 liters of carbonated beverages per person per year, according to online media giant Zing. While this comes in below the global average of 40, the market has expanded some 70% over the past five years.
Low-priced canned beer is also gaining traction. In Thailand, cans selling for the rough equivalent of about 100 yen -- about 10% cheaper than such major brands as Singha -- are increasingly popular among workers.
As retail chains modernize in Southeast Asia, beverages are increasingly available in aluminum cans rather than glass bottles and other containers. Although plastic bottle demand is also on the rise, aluminum can demand is growing sharply for beer because it must be protected from sunlight and kept from going flat.
Keeping their edge
China, which accounts for half of the world's aluminum metal output, has been ground zero for sinking materials prices. The country's economic slowdown and excessive equipment investment by its manufacturers have led to a glut in aluminum, just as it has with steel. Japanese and U.S. companies, which have a competitive edge over Chinese rivals in processing technology, are rushing to ramp up production in Southeast Asia. They are fully aware that the Chinese will likely go on the offensive in the region sooner or later, touting low prices.
Aluminum can production involves rolling and twisting sheet 0.2mm thick, and foreign objects can punch holes during this process. Companies including UACJ, having met Japanese customers' demand for quality, are skilled at eliminating impurities in the melting process. They have accumulated know-how in rolling processes and temperature management to control metal crystallization to fit specific applications and have kept the techniques in-house rather than risk disclosure by filing for patents.
25 Feb. 2016