Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
The spirit of Chinese alcohol drinking culture
The Chinese word for alcohol, jiǔ, not only has the same pronunciation as the words for ‘longevity’ and ‘forever’, but also sounds similar to the characters for ‘ownership’ (kàn). Therefore, it plays into Chinese people’s love of auspiciousness.
The company of alcohol
In ancient times alcohol was never absent from ceremonies honouring ancestors, holiday banquets or family celebrations. At a Chinese dinner, you would often hear the saying “Wu jiu bu cheng xi”, meaning ‘no dinner is complete without the company of alcohol’.
Chinese people like to entertain friends with alcohol. At both welcome and farewell parties for friends, Chinese like to drink to show their best wishes. People like to say that all the deep feelings are buried in alcoholic drinks.
During formal occasions, besides the high quality of alcohol, people pay special attention to the environment and etiquette for drinking—for example, there should not be any erratic drinking or forced drinking.
“Jiu guo san xun, cha guo wu wei” was a saying in ancient China, which meant that after five rounds of dishes and three rounds of drinking, there should be no more forced drinking. This exemplifies Chinese people’s viewpoints on how to keep good health and how to be an upright person at the dinner table.
Various strengths and flavours
Chinese people tend to drink white liquor or yellow rice wine. White liquor, or baiju, is a clear spirit primarily distilled from grains like sorghum, rice, and maize. Baijiu comes in various strengths and flavours, and generally falls in the 45-55 percent alcohol by volume level.
Baijiu accounts for approximately one-third of all liquor consumed in the world, although when you consider that China accounts for almost 40 percent of the world’s spirits consumption it isn’t so surprising.
Rice wine belongs to a variety of Chinese liquor called huang jiu (yellow liquor). This refers to fermented alcoholic beverages which are brewed directly from grains such as rice, wheat or millet—the alcohol content is usually less than 20 percent.
One other popular alcoholic beverage in China is Maotai, one of the most famous distilled liquors in the world. This liquor has been around since at least 135 CE and has enjoyed a reputation as China’s chief national wine for almost 1,000 years.
Beer has also been brewed in China ever since a brewery was founded in Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, in 1900. Today, there are more than 1,500 domestic beer brands in China making it the world’s leading nation for beer production and consumption.
Cheers, or as you say China, ‘Gānbēi!’
3 Nov. 2016