Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Analysis of beer market in China
China’s transition to a “new normal” reality backfired on the brewing industry unexpectedly. Stagnation and subsequent market decline resulted from dynamic social and economic changes. There has emerged a “two speed” market where the medium class significance is growing, yet the share of main beer consumers, “blue collar” is decreasing. Also the inflow of consumers is shrinking, as demographics stopped being a growth driver. Finally, beer is giving way to other alcohol drinks....
In view of increased competition with private beer factories, the share of beer production by monasteries started reducing, and then monasteries stopped brewing beer at all. And if by the XX century abbey breweries worked at some places, Bolsheviks stopped their work.
As far as we know, today beer isn't made anywhere in the world on the territory of Orthodox organizations. This occurs despite the fact that there are more than 30 Orthodox churches – some connected by a uniform center, as well as autonomous or self-governed, and heads of these churches can look differently at brewing at monasteries. After all we found mentioning of "Orthodox" beer, but in this case connection with the monastery also doesn’t look very obvious.
Private Finnish company Saimaan Juomatehdas bottles Luostari Dubbel beer. According to the company, "This beer, crafted in collaboration with the Valamo Monastery, is the only Orthodox monastery beer in the world". As seen from its name, this beer for its characteristics belongs to Belgian abbey sorts. Besides Luostari Dubbel this Finnish producer bottles some other drinks without the monastery attributes, for example, organic and craft beer as well as ciders.
Of course, this case is an exception and an original marketing mix for the local market. Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Georgia and Russia – countries with a large Orthodox population (there are about 300 million Orthodox Christians all over the world) could become serious regions of sale for abbey and "Orthodox" beer. But for this purpose there are no real prerequisites as the largest Orthodox churches of the world usually stop attempts of the third-party organizations to use their name, attributes and images for commercial activity.
Also, despite historical background, organization of their own beer production seems unrealistic as representatives of Orthodox churches speak about the harm of alcohol and the need to reduce its consumption more often and sharper than, for example, Catholics. For these reasons breweries very seldom mention monastic and Orthodox subjects in beer production.
As far as we know, in Russia only two brands of "abbey" beer are issued today. One of them is produced in the village of Kalinkino, Kemerovo region and nothing except the name causes additional associations of this beer with the monastery.
A characteristic story is connected with another sort. Vyatich Monastryskoye beer, according to the company’s data, “is brewed for Orthodox holidays on water from the consecrated source…” In 2010 as advertising of this beer posters with an image of a bottle in front of the Dormition Cathedral of Trifonov Monastery and a title "Divine beer" were used. But, according to the management of the company, the Vyatka (Kirov) diocese "didn't understand this creative idea and appealed to take the posters away". Besides, the Vyatka diocese recommended the creative brewers in the future "Not to say the name of the Lord, your God, in vain". Because of this discussion, probably, this new sort of beer was remembered by the residents of Kirov, but actions for further advance of the brand are complicated.
In Ukraine a significant share in the market of cheap beer is taken by a subbrand “Monastyrskoe” of the brand “Rogan” which belongs to AB InBev portfolio of local brands. However marketing specialists of the company for ethical or other reasons didn't make any attempts to develop the subject of abbey beer in advertising of this sort, and placed it in such price segment where it can do without advertising at all. Perhaps for the same reasons a corresponding image disappeared from a label of half-forgotten sort “Veselyi monakh”/ “The cheerful monk”.