The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
The global outlooks of the legal market of cannabis are excellent. It is possible to simultaneously imagine dry law repeal and craft brewing boom but not in one but in several consumer categories. For alcohol is contained in liquids and cannabis derivatives can be in three physical forms. The value of legal market of cannabis and its products can reach 10% of the world beer market in five years, and in 2030-2040 even reach the same scope provided the current rates of legalization and development of market infrastructure remain at the same level. Cannabinoids are actively integrating into the food industry from chewing gum to beverages deforming the pharmaceutical and alcohol markets, they influence the trends of healthy lifestyle and beauty. ...
Beer market of Kazakhstan acquired both traits of East European countries and South Eastern Asia taking a transitional position between them by many criteria and consumption style. Yet there is a positive trend in beer production which differs Kazakhstan from most of the neighboring countries. The market has remained consolidated in the hands of two international players because of its small size. However, it faces dynamic processes such as fast growth of draft beer sales, up and downs of regional companies and Carlsberg Group’s ultimate expansion. Excessive mainstream segment has declined over the recent years, yet, Zhigulevskoe and national brands with regional links have yielded their positions to a range of new products. In our review special attention was paid to regional analysis of the markets. In 14 regions of Kazakhstan we compared the companies’ positions, the market price segmentation and DIOT channel development. Besides we have compared the beer market of Kazakhstan to neighboring countries. ...
SABMiller denies tax wrongdoings in Africa
SABMiller has rejected claims of tax avoidance in Africa as South Africa, Ghana, Zambia, Tanzania and Mauritius decided to work together to inspect the brewer's tax affairs after a damning report.
The African Tax Administrative Forum, led by South Africa, involved the five countries joining to examine claims by charity ActionAid International that the world’s second biggest brewer uses tax havens to avoid paying tax.
SABMiller, based in London, brews Castle, Grolsch and Peroni beers but denies any wrongdoing indicated in the report, which was released last November. The brewer said it was a major direct investor, employer and taxpayer in Africa and in its financial year to ending in March 2010 had invested more than $500 million in Africa on new breweries and acquisitions.
"We entirely refute ActionAid's allegations that we do not pay our fair share of tax in Africa and would add that the report contains a number of flawed and inaccurate assumptions," said an SABMiller spokesman.
ActionAid said tax authorities will work together on the tax issues although any action would be taken by the individual countries.
"We worked closely with former tax inspector from the UK, Richard Brooks, and all our work is based on the company's accounts. Our assessment is that the transfer pricing payments are a form of tax avoidance," said ActionAid's tax expert Martin Hearson.
“This unprecedented initiative marks a new era in which rampant tax avoidance by multinationals in developing countries will come under much closer scrutiny, both from tax authorities and from campaigners.
“Tax avoidance by multinationals costs billions in lost revenues, which could transform healthcare and education services for millions of people,” he added.
10 мая. 2011