The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
The global outlooks of the legal market of cannabis are excellent. It is possible to simultaneously imagine dry law repeal and craft brewing boom but not in one but in several consumer categories. For alcohol is contained in liquids and cannabis derivatives can be in three physical forms. The value of legal market of cannabis and its products can reach 10% of the world beer market in five years, and in 2030-2040 even reach the same scope provided the current rates of legalization and development of market infrastructure remain at the same level. Cannabinoids are actively integrating into the food industry from chewing gum to beverages deforming the pharmaceutical and alcohol markets, they influence the trends of healthy lifestyle and beauty. ...
Beer market of Kazakhstan acquired both traits of East European countries and South Eastern Asia taking a transitional position between them by many criteria and consumption style. Yet there is a positive trend in beer production which differs Kazakhstan from most of the neighboring countries. The market has remained consolidated in the hands of two international players because of its small size. However, it faces dynamic processes such as fast growth of draft beer sales, up and downs of regional companies and Carlsberg Group’s ultimate expansion. Excessive mainstream segment has declined over the recent years, yet, Zhigulevskoe and national brands with regional links have yielded their positions to a range of new products. In our review special attention was paid to regional analysis of the markets. In 14 regions of Kazakhstan we compared the companies’ positions, the market price segmentation and DIOT channel development. Besides we have compared the beer market of Kazakhstan to neighboring countries. ...
African tax forum dissects SABMiller
It believes the move marks the beginning of a period of greater scrutiny of the tax position of multinational companies operating in Africa.
The decision to discuss SABMiller at the forum meeting, which is to be held in Cape Town on June 28, appears to have been prompted by a critical report written by ActionAid, which was released last year. Martin Hearson, the author of the report, which accused SABMiller of depriving African countries and India of substantial amounts of tax income as a result of its aggressive tax management policies, has welcomed the meeting.
He said this meeting represented a positive step in attempting to redress the resource imbalance between powerful multinational companies and individual African countries. Hearson said it was very encouraging to see the effort that was being put into building capacity among the tax authorities in Africa.
“This will be the first time African countries are meeting to discuss one case… Given the imbalance of resources and power between the multinationals and individual tax authorities, it is very positive to see the tax authorities working together like this.”
He believed it would lead to “a very different environment in Africa. We will find tax avoidance and evasion will come under increasing scrutiny.”
A spokesman for SABMiller said that the company had not been invited to participate in the meeting and that the brewer was unsure as to whether or not it was going to be discussed during the meeting.
Forum executive secretary Logan Wort told the Wall Street Journal last week that the forum’s mission was to train and provide technical support to tax officials in member countries so they could plug tax “leakages”.
He said there was no witchhunt. “The meeting doesn’t mean action will be taken against SABMiller.” Wort was not available for comment.
Hearson welcomed calls for the Group of 20 (G20) countries to require improved disclosure by multinational companies listed in their jurisdictions. He said any company listed in one of the G20 countries should be required to disclose details of profits earned and tax paid in each country it operated in.
ActionAid’s report on SABMiller claimed the beer group’s tax avoidance measures cost four African countries and India as much as ?20 million (R217m) a year.
SABMiller rejected ActionAid’s allegations and said it did not engage in aggressive tax planning. Its shares fell 1 percent to R236 on Friday.
21 Июн. 2011