Dmitry Nekrasov’s Philosophy — on the Past, Present and Future of Ukrainian Brewing IndustryA meeting with Dmitry Nekrasov always turns into a training course: “Introduction to brewing business“. We are talking to a clever “playing trainer“ a person that can be called a godfather of the Ukrainian craft. He has a dozen of successful projects to his name. Dmitry told us about craft beer in Ukraine, on market cycles, on specifity of operating in retail and HoReCa, on union of Ukrainian brewers and certainly, how a brewery of his own, First Dnipro Brewery is doing.
The market of import beer in Russia: review and databasesThe market of import beer is rapidly growing and changing. But while in the past years it was growing due to brands variety, in 2019 major and affordable brands from TOP-10 were developing actively. It seems that the fact of a brand origin from far abroad counties, even if it is not well known but has moderate price and good distribution provides for million liters of sales in the territory of Russia. Among distributors AB InBev Efes was far behind, yet the role of Baltika and suppliers of the second row got more important. The boom of German brands was followed by stagnation of import from other traditional regions (and Belarus) instead the supplies from Mexico, Lithuania and Asian countries grew considerably.
Russia: Positions of Brewing CompaniesThe review contains an analysis of interim performance of brewers in the first half of 2019. There are rather dynamic changes behind a modest industry growth. Baltika is again experiencing a stage of volumes and market share slid due to competition with AB InBev Efes. Because of the price competition and presence expansion in the modern trade company #2. has come close to the leading position. At the same time sales of Heineken Russia have continued growing which makes the premium part of the portfolio heavier. The market premiumization trend had been also confirmed by import brands. MBC and Zavod Trekhsosenskiy have been the most successful among federal market players. The market share of independent regional brewers and Ochakovo have continued falling as they are being squeezed out by the market leaders at their competitive fields.
Ukrainian beer market 2019: companies and brandsIn 2019 beer production and market have been still fluctuating about zero point. However, the past season was successful for brewers judging by the sales profitability. The price mix has improved due to rapid general market premiumization, as well as its particular aspect, the growth of import beer sales. By the season end AB InBev Efes improved its positions considerably. It turned out that consumers had not forgot Efes brands that had to leave the market, but started to recover rapidly. Against the stagnating market that meant sales decline of other companies, in the first place Carlsberg Group that most of all beneficiated from Efes exiting the market. PPB turned out to be stable to branding activity of its competitor and Obolon kept the same volumes and at the moment it is the absolute leader of the economy segment. The share growth of independent producers took place thanks to leading craft breweries, that so far do not have a big market weight, but they are rapidly gaining it.
Brewing industry in Kazakhstan 2019During the first half of 2019, the majority of Kazakh brewers made their contribution into positive dynamics. Yet it was companies of the lower division, not the two transnational leaders that raised their production and sales. The shares of draft beer and aluminum can which is rapidly squeezing glass bottle out of the market, have been growing. The price segmentation has remained stable despite the substantial rise of retail prices and fluctuations of brand market shares, while the borders between segments have become blurred. The main events in the industry have been: the announced revision of the beer excise policy, launch of BeerKhan brand in the strong beer segment, and most important – purchasing assets of Shymkentbeer by Arasan.
The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
China. End of growth has country’s top two brewers battling it out
Industry leader China Resources Beer (Holdings), whose strategy has been to concentrate on the domestic market and sell large volumes of low-price brews, is expanding its nationwide sales network and putting more effort into promoting higher-end offerings.
Second-ranked Tsingtao Brewery, which has focused on midrange products and cultivating overseas markets, is responding to the toughening business climate by developing new products to diversify its lineup.
War of attrition
China's top breweries and their foreign rivals have been locked in a price war since September. CR Beer, Tsingtao and Belgium's Anheuser-Busch InBev, which commands the third-biggest share of China's beer market, are all competing to undersell each other. Now 20% discounts are common sights in supermarkets across Shanghai. This is noteworthy when considering that beer was cheap to begin with; even high-end 500ml offerings carry suggested retail prices of around 10 yuan ($1.56).
After expanding in lockstep with the economy, China's beer market surpassed that of the U.S. to become the world's biggest in 2002. In the process, brewers underwent a dramatic consolidation process. At one point, China had more than 800 players. But the number contracted sharply as major players swallowed up smaller rivals. Today, the top five players control roughly 70% of the market, with CR Beer and Tsingtao commanding shares of 23.2% and 18.4%, respectively.
Beer sales in China totaled 49.39 million kiloliters in 2014, double the U.S. figure. But this was not happy news to the industry, as it translated to a 1.8% drop from a year earlier, marking the first-ever contraction in the country's beer market.
Another worrying factor was disappointing beer demand this past summer, which left brewers with excess inventories. CR Beer opened hostilities by unloading its inventories at steep discounts.
"Rivals responded by matching CR Beer's discounts, kicking off a war of attrition in the world's biggest beer market," an industry watcher said.
The China Resources group expanded into the beer business in 1993 by purchasing a regional brewery. It has become China's No. 1 brewer by aggressively pursuing takeovers and making the most of the group's nationwide network of about 4,800 retailers, which includes a supermarket chain run by China Resources Vanguard. Its annual sales volume exceeds 10 million kiloliters.
Low product prices have driven the company's growth. A 500ml bottle of its flagship Snow brand beer sells for just 2 yuan. But even the top brewer has not been immune to the effects of the market contraction; CR Beer's sales for the six months ended June declined 1% on the year.
The company's response was to concentrate on the brewery business. It transferred its money-losing retail business to parent company China Resources (Holdings) in April.
"We will focus on the beer business and increase our investment in a sustainable manner," said Hong Jie, chief executive officer of CR Beer.
As a first step, the company is looking to shore up its sales and profits by expanding its sales channels, with a focus on regional cities and farming areas, where competition is less fierce. At the same time, the company has begun adding more higher-end offerings.
The latter action is effectively "a declaration of war against Tsingtao Brewery," an industry insider said.
Strong in Shanghai
The No. 2 brewer is also feeling the heat from AB InBev. Although its mainstay Budweiser belongs to the upmarket segment, selling for around 10 yuan, the Belgium-based multinational has managed to win customers away from Tsingtao through active promotional activity in Guangdong Province, Tsingtao's key market, among other areas.
An alarmed Tsingtao struck a deal with Japan's Suntory Holdings in October to gain full control of 50-50 ventures in Shanghai and Jiangsu Province established in 2013. This deal gives the Chinese company a solid foundation to work on, as it will lift its share of sales in Shanghai to 50%. That is quite a coup considering the city is China's biggest beer market.
The company has also stepped up efforts to develop high-value-added beers. Many Chinese beer brands sell products with alcohol contents of only around 3.5%, achieved by diluting the beer with water. Some blame the bland flavors of these beers for the declining sales.
To lure drinkers back, Tsingtao has launched new offerings, including a bitter-tasting black beer, a white beer made from wheat, and a beer for women that is less bitter and has peachy fragrance. The company aims to further hone its product development capability and release more such products.
A crucial challenge for both CR Beer and Tsingtao is consolidating the old, inefficient breweries they have accumulated through their many acquisitions. CR Beer owns about 90 breweries, whose overall utilization rate stands at an appalling 50% or so. With Tsingtao also counting nearly 80 breweries to its name, both companies must close some facilities and cut jobs to boost productivity.
Possible power shift
A massive deal earlier this month by AB InBev will see the world's top brewer gobble up its biggest rival, second-ranked U.K. brewer SABMiller. This will likely have repercussions for the Chinese beer industry.
SABMiller owns 49% of China Resources Snowflake Breweries, the core operation of CR Beer. With the combined Chinese market share between CR Beer and AB InBev reaching nearly 40%, some believe SABMiller will sell its shareholdings in CR Snowflake Breweries because AB InBev will feel uneasy about having too large a market share. If SABMiller's interest in CR Snowflake Breweries is sold, the power balance in the global beer market may also shift depending on who the buyer is.
28 Дек. 2015