Beer market of Kazakhstan acquired both traits of East European countries and South Eastern Asia taking a transitional position between them by many criteria and consumption style. Yet there is a positive trend in beer production which differs Kazakhstan from most of the neighboring countries. The market has remained consolidated in the hands of two international players because of its small size. However, it faces dynamic processes such as fast growth of draft beer sales, up and downs of regional companies and Carlsberg Group’s ultimate expansion. Excessive mainstream segment has declined over the recent years, yet, Zhigulevskoe and national brands with regional links have yielded their positions to a range of new products. In our review special attention was paid to regional analysis of the markets. In 14 regions of Kazakhstan we compared the companies’ positions, the market price segmentation and DIOT channel development. Besides we have compared the beer market of Kazakhstan to neighboring countries. ...
Beer market of Russia 2018
- General market picture
- Foreign trade setting records
- Demography as challenge to branding
- Aged consumer
- Declining of youth brands
- Nostalgia on trend
- DIOT feels at home
- 5.0 Original is the new face of import
- Positions of Market Leaders
- Carlsberg Group
- AB InBev Efes
- AB InBev
Ukrainian beer market 2018
- Better than yesterday
- Performance by value
- Positions of Ukrainian brewers
The beer market dynamics in Russia is approaching zero, yet major brewers are divided into those who developed considerably in 2017 and those who considerably reduced their volumes. For instance, company Efes has managed to substantially extend their sales due to restrained pricing policy and activity in the modern trade. Heineken has also demonstrated an excellent performance promoted by significant increase of advertisement budgets launching a non-alcohol sort of the title brand and unusual activity in the economy market segment. Carlsberg and AB InBev have been focusing on margins and lost a market share of their inexpensive brands. Serious dependence on PET package and mass enthusiasm about Zhigulevskoe have negatively impacted the most of big regional brewers, that have been for the first time pressed by the leaders in the key sales channels, especially in Volga and Central regions. In the small business there has been a noticeable slowdown in appearing of new restaurant breweries, yet the number of craft breweries has been growing rapidly. In 2018, the beer market is likely to grow a little, while the share of AB InBev Efes may decrease due to the integration. ...
Malaysia. Quick revenue boost from lifting of Labuan tax-free status
By rough estimates, Yeah Kim Leng, economist and dean at the school of business at Malaysia University of Science and Technology says the Government could potentially reap “a couple of hundred million ringgit” a year by taxing alcohol sold in Labuan.
“In the bigger picture, the impact is not that great but it will help in enhancing overall revenue,” he says.
Additionally, the move to tax Labuan alcohol will also help plug leakages and minimise contraband issues, he points out.
“What is more important, however, is that the Government must strike a balance between revenue enhancement and reining in its spending,” Yeah tells StarBizWeek.
According to industry sources, the amount of alcohol that is shipped into Labuan, located off the coast of Sabah, is more than what is sold in the entire Southern and Central Peninsular Malaysia.
This has led to many instances where smuggled alcohol as well as cigarettes from Labuan had found their way into Peninsular Malaysia.
Based on government data provided, the 2015 estimated figures for excise duty (before taking into account tax changes) imposed are RM122.2mil (for manufactured liquor), RM1.2bil (for beer from malt) and RM1.1mil (for wine).
These compare to the total estimated revenue gained from all excise duties for 2015, which stands at some RM9.4bil.
In terms of sales tax that the Government is estimated to have gained last year, it is RM4.03mil (for liquors) and RM20.6mil (for beer from malt).
Meanwhile, Nomura South-East Asia economist Euben Paracuellesm concurs with Yeah in saying that measures to increase government revenue must be accompanied by steps that “improve tax administration efficiency”.
“There’s little room for raising taxes at this point.
“Measures (such as lifting Labuan’s tax-free status for alcohol) will help raise revenue marginally but these should also be accompanied by steps that improve tax administration efficiency,” he stresses.
Paracuellesm believes that although Malaysia’s growth is slowing, it remains resilient and hence does not need rate cuts to boost growth.
“We see Bank Negara holding the policy rate steady this year.”
The Government had assumed crude price to be at US$48 per barrel when it mapped out the Budget 2016.
Oil prices have since dropped to below US$30 per barrel and could dip further, hurting government revenue which is derived substantially from oil.
The Government will announce the revised budget, which will incorporate measures to boost revenue next week and hopefully also address its issue of a ballooning operating expenditure and persistent budget deficit.
Labuan alongside Langkawi and Tioman are currently designated as tax-free zones.
Back in 2011, it was reported that Finance Ministry officials had brought up to the Cabinet the issue of widespread smuggling of cigarettes and liqour that had caused the Government to suffer massive losses.
This in turn had prompted the Finance Ministry to examine the viability of Labuan’s duty-free status. However, no action was taken.
Away from these tax-free zones, beer and stout sold in Malaysia continue to have the highest excise tax rates, according to information on the Confederation of Malaysia Brewers Bhd website.
The confederation which is made up of the two key industry players who contribute over 90% of the total beer and stout volume in the market, namely Carlsberg Brewery Malaysia Bhd and Guinness Anchor Bhd, notes that following three consecutive tariff hikes (2004 to 2006), Malaysia has the second highest duty on beer in the world after Norway.
The excise duty for beer is RM7.40 per litre with an additional 15% ad varolem tax.
26 Янв. 2016