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4-2017

Global hop market

A local alternative to mass beer suggested by independent brewers has been successful and is now altering the global market. Beer is becoming more diversified, so transnational companies have to accept the new game rules and to switch focus to young and fast growing markets. All these processes increased the demand for aroma and bitter hop as well as their acreage expansion on two continents. However now there appeared a downward trend of alcohol consumption in the world, so even special sorts can soon turn to be sufficient. In this connection the dynamic American hop market is already facing some problems. EU hop producers have become more cautious, they are not racing to exceed the demand and look forward with more confidence, judging by the contract terms. 

Hop Market in Russia

Germany still dominates the Russian market, yet over the recent two years one has been able observe a continuous success of Czech hop suppliers. Their expansion and growing popularity of hops from the United States became the drivers of supplies growth in 2016 despite the preceding modest harvest crop in the EU, as well as the factor of relative stability in 2017. In this connection, in 2017, the ratio of the varieties continued to shift towards the aroma ones, and the supplies of Magnum hop and other alpha varieties were reduced. However, the import of bitter hop pellets is partially replaced by extracts, especially from the major beer manufacturers. Total volumes of alpha acid supplies, according to our estimation, decreased by approximately 5% and returned to the level of 2015. Barth Haas Group continues dominating the hop products market; HVG also increased its weight. At the same time, Morris Hanbury significantly reduced the supplies in 2017.

The domestic market has been divided among five major brewers of China

The Chinese beer market is controlled by five major producers: Snow Beer, Tsingtao, Anheuser-Busch InBev, Yanjing and Carlsberg. Due to the short shelf-life of beer, high transport costs and regional characteristics the brewing companies seek first to consolidate its position in the market of a particular province, to increase the profit at the local level, and then to expand the production.

Snow Beer, the Chinese leader, controls more than 20% of the market, most of which accounts for the provinces of Liaoning, Sichuan, Guizhou, Anhui. The production of Tsingtao Brewery is concentrated in Shandong, Shaanxi, Central Plains and Northeast.

Yanjing Brewery settled down in Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi. The world brewing leader AB InBev keeps the control over the North-Eastern part of the country through its subsidiary – Harbin Brewery. AB InBev has also placed its production in Hubei, Fujian and gained access to the market of South China through the joint venture with Guangzhou Zhujiang Brewery Group Co., Ltd. – Guangzhou Zhuajiang Brewery Co., Ltd., where it owns 25% of the shares.

Despite the fact that the top companies are represented better or worse in certain regions, their products can be found throughout the country.

Danish Carlsberg in China is called the “king of the west”, because this part of the country is most covered by the company. The Carlsberg breweries are located in Xinjiang, Ningxia, Chongqing and Yunnan.

8 Апр. 2016

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