The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
The global outlooks of the legal market of cannabis are excellent. It is possible to simultaneously imagine dry law repeal and craft brewing boom but not in one but in several consumer categories. For alcohol is contained in liquids and cannabis derivatives can be in three physical forms.The value of legal market of cannabis and its products can reach 10% of the world beer market in five years, and in 2030-2040 even reach the same scope provided the current rates of legalization and development of market infrastructure remain at the same level. Cannabinoids are actively integrating into the food industry from chewing gum to beverages deforming the pharmaceutical and alcohol markets, they influence the trends of healthy lifestyle and beauty. ...
Beer market of Kazakhstan acquired both traits of East European countries and South Eastern Asia taking a transitional position between them by many criteria and consumption style. Yet there is a positive trend in beer production which differs Kazakhstan from most of the neighboring countries. The market has remained consolidated in the hands of two international players because of its small size. However, it faces dynamic processes such as fast growth of draft beer sales, up and downs of regional companies and Carlsberg Group’s ultimate expansion. Excessive mainstream segment has declined over the recent years, yet, Zhigulevskoe and national brands with regional links have yielded their positions to a range of new products. In our review special attention was paid to regional analysis of the markets. In 14 regions of Kazakhstan we compared the companies’ positions, the market price segmentation and DIOT channel development. Besides we have compared the beer market of Kazakhstan to neighboring countries. ...
India. Maharashtra may junk archaic permit for boozing
The state excise department has proposed scrapping these requirements when people consume alcohol in licensed premises like permit rooms and beer bars. However, if the proposal is approved, one may still need these permits for purchasing liquor from wine shops or transporting and stocking it at home.
Maharashtra is one of the few states with stringent excise laws where consumption, possession or transport of liquor without a permit issued on "health grounds" is an offence which can be punished with a fine or a jail term depending on its severity.
Officials and stakeholders admit that the enforcement of these "health permits" issued to drinkers for "preservation or maintenance" of health leads to harassment of drinkers by police and state excise personnel, especially those from lower ranks.
"We have sent a proposal to the state government… (Once this proposal is accepted) though consumption permits will be mandatory for keeping liquor at home, it will be scrapped for (those drinking in establishments like) permit rooms," Vijay Singhal, commissioner, state excise, told dna.
"Age restrictions of 25 years for consumption of hard liquor and 21 years for mild liquor are in place. Then why are individual permits required?" he questioned, adding that if the proposal was accepted, these permits would however be necessary for transporting and consuming liquor at home.
"This is to show if the liquor is for self-consumption or for commercial use," said Singhal. A permit allows a holder to consume, transport and possess 12 units of liquor.
"Our proposal sent to the state government says no permits will be needed in establishments where on-consumption takes place like permit rooms, beer bars and hotels where people go and drink. This is because these establishments already hold the necessary licenses after paying fees. However, these permits will be needed for off-consumption," said a senior state excise official.
The official added that the revenue from such permits was negligible though the sale of daily permits for Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL), which can be purchased by drinkers for Rs 5, rises in December due to year-end parties. Those who consume liquor can also hold an annual permit for Rs 100 and lifetime permit for Rs 1,000.
Critics say these permits are prohibition era relics, when wine shops released fixed units of the brew to permit holders on health grounds. Maharashtra saw prohibition being imposed from 1949 till the 1960s, which led to the underworld get into bootlegging in parts of Mumbai and the state. However, restrictions on consumption of liquor were gradually eased over the years though the permit system still continues. In Maharashtra, three districts – Wardha, Gadchiroli and Chandrapur – are under prohibition.
Incidentally, state excise officials admit there are no instances of these individual permits being denied to applicants.
Though the state excise department has been seeking since around 2007 that the permit system be scrapped by amending the Bombay Prohibition Act, 1949, a corrected proposal was dispatched last week. Maharashtra follows a policy of discouraging liquor consumption through a policy of high prices and low sales.
"The permit system is definitely an antiquated one," noted Randeep Singh of Shah and Company Wines, adding that these "permit Raj era rules" were incongruous in 2016. "This is good for the health of the industry," he noted, adding that these strict rules led to harassment of those who consumed or purchased liquor without permits.
Social activist Dr Kumar Saptarshi, whose Yuvak Kranti Dal has been involved in anti-liquor campaigns, too admitted that the permit system had failed to curb drinking. "The focus should be on the negative impact of drinking. An addiction is a mental problem and an illness which can be cured," he said, stressing on the need for a sobriety campaign to help wean people off drinking.
26 мая. 2016