Dmitry Nekrasov’s Philosophy — on the Past, Present and Future of Ukrainian Brewing IndustryA meeting with Dmitry Nekrasov always turns into a training course: “Introduction to brewing business“. We are talking to a clever “playing trainer“ a person that can be called a godfather of the Ukrainian craft. He has a dozen of successful projects to his name. Dmitry told us about craft beer in Ukraine, on market cycles, on specifity of operating in retail and HoReCa, on union of Ukrainian brewers and certainly, how a brewery of his own, First Dnipro Brewery is doing.
The market of import beer in Russia: review and databasesThe market of import beer is rapidly growing and changing. But while in the past years it was growing due to brands variety, in 2019 major and affordable brands from TOP-10 were developing actively. It seems that the fact of a brand origin from far abroad counties, even if it is not well known but has moderate price and good distribution provides for million liters of sales in the territory of Russia. Among distributors AB InBev Efes was far behind, yet the role of Baltika and suppliers of the second row got more important. The boom of German brands was followed by stagnation of import from other traditional regions (and Belarus) instead the supplies from Mexico, Lithuania and Asian countries grew considerably.
Russia: Positions of Brewing CompaniesThe review contains an analysis of interim performance of brewers in the first half of 2019. There are rather dynamic changes behind a modest industry growth. Baltika is again experiencing a stage of volumes and market share slid due to competition with AB InBev Efes. Because of the price competition and presence expansion in the modern trade company #2. has come close to the leading position. At the same time sales of Heineken Russia have continued growing which makes the premium part of the portfolio heavier. The market premiumization trend had been also confirmed by import brands. MBC and Zavod Trekhsosenskiy have been the most successful among federal market players. The market share of independent regional brewers and Ochakovo have continued falling as they are being squeezed out by the market leaders at their competitive fields.
Ukrainian beer market 2019: companies and brandsIn 2019 beer production and market have been still fluctuating about zero point. However, the past season was successful for brewers judging by the sales profitability. The price mix has improved due to rapid general market premiumization, as well as its particular aspect, the growth of import beer sales. By the season end AB InBev Efes improved its positions considerably. It turned out that consumers had not forgot Efes brands that had to leave the market, but started to recover rapidly. Against the stagnating market that meant sales decline of other companies, in the first place Carlsberg Group that most of all beneficiated from Efes exiting the market. PPB turned out to be stable to branding activity of its competitor and Obolon kept the same volumes and at the moment it is the absolute leader of the economy segment. The share growth of independent producers took place thanks to leading craft breweries, that so far do not have a big market weight, but they are rapidly gaining it.
Brewing industry in Kazakhstan 2019During the first half of 2019, the majority of Kazakh brewers made their contribution into positive dynamics. Yet it was companies of the lower division, not the two transnational leaders that raised their production and sales. The shares of draft beer and aluminum can which is rapidly squeezing glass bottle out of the market, have been growing. The price segmentation has remained stable despite the substantial rise of retail prices and fluctuations of brand market shares, while the borders between segments have become blurred. The main events in the industry have been: the announced revision of the beer excise policy, launch of BeerKhan brand in the strong beer segment, and most important – purchasing assets of Shymkentbeer by Arasan.
The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
Chinese craft beer
Quite recently, at the stage of the riot growth of the Chinese beer market, there was a decrease of small breweries’ number. Powerful finance infusions and the state support, low cost price and edgy marketing technologies of the major companies did not leave chances for small regional producers. Then they were playing on the same market field of low-margin regional beer with a flat empty taste.
The process of market invading by big companies is well reflected in the statistics of the brewing productions’ number. In 1996, in China, there were ... breweries. But the Asian finance crisis 1997-1998 led to a fast fall in their number and in 2001 there were only a little more than ... businesses left.
The market consolidation in the hands of major companies would have certainly resulted in further reduction of the businesses’ number, if not for mini-breweries uprise. This trend appeared approximately in 2008, when the Chinese market had only ... producers left according to the official data.
But as soon as in a few years new minibreweries numbered several dozens in the big Chinese cities. And by the end of 2015, number of minibreweries increased approx. to ... and went on growing rapidly.
The retail price of the craft beer usually exceeds 25 yuan for a glass, that is, belongs to the superpremium segment of the Chinese market. According to Hai Tong Securities research report, the craft beer market in China is growing rapidly and the gross margin and net profit margin in this sector amount to 50% and 30% correspondently.
This is much more than the producers of the traditional bottle beer earn.
Now the craft brewing is thriving in the central cities (Chongqing, Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin). Development of craft producers is equally prospective both in big cities and in third-tier cities (medium-sized cities of each province).
In Beijing the most popular brands are minibreweries Panda, Cow Beer Hall; and in Shanghai Boxing Cat, Tap House Workshop, and pub Wuhan No. 18 are most demanded. Equally high interest among the Chinese is enjoyed by Nanjing High Master, Chongqing Fung Rudder, Chengdu Harvest, and some other brands. Even Tibet and Ningxia have a craft of their own.
The current sorts’ range by the Chinese craft brewers is as good as their counterparts from the USA which corresponds to the westernization trend. Yet, striving for originality and driven with creative impulses local brewers also start manufacturing beers with Chinese characteristics and special national ingredients.
The fast growth of craft beer sales conduces to a lot of new bars and restaurants in the western style upspring, some of them specializing in craft beer sales. Minibreweries’ owners place their main stake on them. The most of craft beer is packed in kegs but not sold in retail.
Along with the market factors, the number increase of small brewers is promoted by China’s leadership on the market of minibreweries.
The major outlet market for Chinese producers of brewing equipment used to be the Eastern Europe which experienced a boom of the small brewing. Yet, the national currencies’ devaluation to yuan, which has happened in the recent years, obviously makes Chinese suppliers find growth opportunities on the home market. Over ten years of competition with European minibreweries producers, Chinese businesses have mastered the necessary technologies and know-how. They are able to manufacture rather affordable equipment of different quality, capacity, and complement.
The Chinese are increasingly interested in craft beer. However, the industry is still in its infancy in China because consumer awareness of craft beer is not strong. Yet, amid the beer market downturn, craft brewers will have to face a new challenge from the industry giants. The point is, brewing companies like AB InBev and Tsingtao, searching a way to compensate the losses from the sales decline of the tradition bottle beer, decided to fit into the craft niche, ousting the already existing players.
While in the USA according to the definition of the American Brewers’ Association, on being overtaken by a big brewing company, a small brewery loses its craft status, there is no such rule in China. Besides, the big players’ desire to enter the craft niche results in crafty style beer.
Tsingtao Brewery presented its own version of the IPA at the end of 2015. Beer is supplied to bars in 16 communities.
Zhuajiang Brewery, belonging to AB InBev by quarter invested 250 mln yuan into building of new production lines for “craft beer” filling in Guangxi, East Wan, Zhanjiang, Hunan. In May 2015, the company launched high-end market for the Fort Snow - Craft series including unfiltered beer, dark beer, and red beer.
Yanjing Brewery is also investing a lot of efforts into the “craft beer” development.
In order to promote their crafty brands, big companies hire bloggers, sponsor various events of craft brewers and festivals, they are even willing to buy extra shelf space with craft beer.
In this brewery sector, much depends on consumers. By no means all of them know what craft beer is and find nothing negative in possible monopolization of the industry by big national breweries.
However, can a beer produced in industrial volumes be considered craft? In order to protect their own and consumers’ rights, brewers create their unions such as China Craft Beer Association that help to raise the population’s awareness on the real craft beer.
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21 Сен. 2016