Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Chinese Beer Drinkers Reject Heineken’s “Bitter Taste”
“In 2004, it bought a 21.87% stake in Kingway, which controlled 70% of the market in Shenzhen, and reported a net profit of HK$198 million (US$25.48 million) in what is considered the heyday of Heineken in China,” writes Want China Times.
But by 2006 the company was in trouble, losing market share to both international and local competitors even as Chinese beer consumption increased every year. What went wrong? And what does this mean for the expansion plans of other companies Chinese operations, like those of Coca-Cola, McDonald's, and Pizza Hut/KFC? Want China Times quotes industry analysts who blame “outdated marketing skills” on the part of Heineken’s Chinese operators, and -- more damning -- the simple fact that consumers didn’t like the beer’s “bitter taste.”
As anyone who’s ever necked a sweet, malty bottle of Tsingtao -- China’s best-known beer brand -- with their dumplings can tell you: bitter isn’t what most Chinese want in their fizzy light-alcohol drinks. Beer’s growing popularity in that country is based in part on growing incomes, the adoption of beer as a socially acceptable “light” drink, intense price competition -- and maybe, just maybe, the fact that both Chinese and international beer manufacturers stopped using formaldehyde to prevent sedimentation after that practice was exposed by Chinese media in the early 2000s.
The retreat is a rare misstep for Heineken, who successfully operate hundreds of international brands and are currently fighting fierce turf battles with Anheuser-Busch and SABMiller over the emerging markets of Latin America and Asia. But it’s a war all foreign brewers will face in the all-important China market, which reached 450 million hectolitres of consumption last year -- double U.S. figures -- and is predicted to post growth rates of 5% over the next few years, compared to 2.5% growth rates globally. Local manufacturers are mounting a serious challenge to international brand names, particularly in the lucrative premium beer market, capitalizing on rising Chinese nationalism, huge existing distribution networks, a huge cost advantage, and more canny marketing.
The moral of this tale? Know your local market, and know your local team. Are they on top of their region? Are they keeping on top of the trends? Are they, for example, monitoring the progress of Panda Poo Tea -- the very latest trend in Chinese liquid consumption? At $80,000 a kilogram, it’s the world’s most expensive tea, featuring all sorts of health benefits, says its inventor, a Chinese professor at Sinchuan University, as well as “a mature, nutty taste and a very distinctive aroma while it’s brewing.” Pandas eat a lot of bamboo, explains professor An Yashi. “[They] have a very poor digestive system and only absorb about 30 percent of everything they eat. That means their excrement is rich in fibres and nutrients.”
Perhaps Heineken should check out the cost-effectiveness of getting a bear to crap in its brew?
17 Nov. 2011