Global hop marketA local alternative to mass beer suggested by independent brewers has been successful and is now altering the global market. Beer is becoming more diversified, so transnational companies have to accept the new game rules and to switch focus to young and fast growing markets. All these processes increased the demand for aroma and bitter hop as well as their acreage expansion on two continents. However now there appeared a downward trend of alcohol consumption in the world, so even special sorts can soon turn to be sufficient. In this connection the dynamic American hop market is already facing some problems. EU hop producers have become more cautious, they are not racing to exceed the demand and look forward with more confidence, judging by the contract terms.
Hop Market in RussiaGermany still dominates the Russian market, yet over the recent two years one has been able observe a continuous success of Czech hop suppliers. Their expansion and growing popularity of hops from the United States became the drivers of supplies growth in 2016 despite the preceding modest harvest crop in the EU, as well as the factor of relative stability in 2017. In this connection, in 2017, the ratio of the varieties continued to shift towards the aroma ones, and the supplies of Magnum hop and other alpha varieties were reduced. However, the import of bitter hop pellets is partially replaced by extracts, especially from the major beer manufacturers. Total volumes of alpha acid supplies, according to our estimation, decreased by approximately 5% and returned to the level of 2015. Barth Haas Group continues dominating the hop products market; HVG also increased its weight. At the same time, Morris Hanbury significantly reduced the supplies in 2017.
10+1 trends of Russian beer market 2015-2017Despite of the moderately negative prognoses for 2017, the beer market can be stabilized soon. Yet the years of the negative dynamics have resulted in marketing being limited just to “optimization” and the art of balancing between price and volumes. Bigger supermarkets share means stronger trade marketing. These processes are connected to the majority of the described trends. At the same time, the federal brands inflation leads to searching for new tastes, sales channels and contact formats that expand the product range and diversify the beer market, but do not imply a substantial volume increase. Let us enumerate and further discuss the ten trends of the beer market we can see in 2015-2017 as well as the major event of 2017.
Beer market of Ukraine 2017In the first half of 2017, the Ukrainian beer market goes on decreasing slowly. Yet, the companies manage to compensate their lost volumes by raising prices and improving the sales structures. This results in the mid price market segment reduction while the sales of premium brands are rising. These processes are connected to position strengthening of companies Carlsberg Group and Oasis and the market share reduction of Obolon. Most of the novelties by the market leaders belong to craft or hard lemon categories.
Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
SABMiller interim results F13: Strong revenue and earnings growth
- Strong brand development and sales capability drove broad-based growth in our emerging markets.
- Organic, constant currency group revenue growth of 8% and reported group revenue up 11%.
- Lager volumes rose 4% on an organic basis, while selective price increases and positive brand mix drove group revenue per hectolitre (hl) growth1 of 3%.
- Organic, constant currency EBITA grew by 9%. Reported EBITA up 17%, despite adverse currency movements and increased commodity costs, enhanced by the inclusion of Foster's.
- EBITA margin improvement of 30 basis points (bps) on an organic, constant currency basis with a reported margin uplift of 100 bps driven by last year's acquisitions and business combinations and strong top line performance.
- Foster's integration programme progressing well, synergy delivery and capability build running ahead of schedule.
- Adjusted EPS up 14% to 118.1 US cents per share.
- Free cash flow2 up 14% to US$1,684 million, assisted by the timing of tax cash flows.
1 Growth is shown on an organic, constant currency basis.
2 As defined in the financial definitions section. See also note 10b.
|Financial highlights||6 months to Sept|
|% change||12 months to March|
|Adjusted profit before taxd||2,759||2,457||12||5,062|
|Profit before taxe||2,279||2,041||12||5,603|
|Profit attributable to owners of the parent||1,590||1,382||15||4,221|
|Adjusted earnings per share|
|- US cents||118.1||103.3||14||214.8|
|- UK pence||74.7||64.0||17||134.4|
|- SA cents||967.5||731.1||32||1,607.0|
|Basic earnings per share (US cents)||100.1||87.4||15||266.6|
|Interim dividend per share (US cents)||24.0||21.5||12|
|Free cash flow||1,684||1,479||14||3,048|
Executive Chairman's review
Graham Mackay, Executive Chairman of SABMiller, said:
“Broad-based revenue and profit growth in the first half reflects the continued success of our approach to the development of our brands, product portfolios, distribution and sales effectiveness. We have strengthened our local flagship brands, complemented by product innovation across a wide range of styles and prices. Margins have risen modestly despite higher input costs, as a result of our cost reduction and procurement initiatives supplemented by a positive contribution from the acquisitions and business combinations concluded in the second half of last year.”
|Segmental EBITA performance||Sept|
|South Africa: Beverages||426||(4)||11|
|South Africa: Hotels and Gaming||65||(2)||12|
The group has delivered strong revenue and profit growth during the period, with underlying volumes, aggregate pricing and mix all trending positively and contributing to margin development. We grew volumes and revenues across most regions despite a moderation of growth in some emerging markets. Development of brands, product ranges and the route to market continued across the breadth of our portfolio supported by further improved operating processes. The acquisition of Foster's in particular has contributed significantly.
Total beverage volumes were 4% ahead of the prior period on an organic basis with lager volumes up 4%, soft drinks volumes up 6% and other alcoholic beverages up 12%. This volume growth, selective price increases and improved brand mix in most regions led to group revenue growth of 8% on an organic, constant currency basis, with group revenue per hl up 3% on the same basis. Reported group revenue, which includes business combinations, was up 11%. Currency movements had an adverse impact of six percentage points on group revenue growth principally due to the weakening of the South African rand and Central European currencies.
EBITA of US$3,173 million represented growth of 17%, including the contribution of Foster's and other business combinations but also the impact of currency weakness. EBITA grew by 9% on an organic, constant currency basis reflecting a combination of volume growth and rising group revenue per hl combined with some cost savings and efficiencies. On an organic, constant currency basis the EBITA margin rose 30 basis points (bps). Raw material input costs rose, as expected, by mid-single digits (on a constant currency, per hl basis) largely as a result of higher cereal costs partly offset by procurement and other savings. Fixed costs increased with salary inflation and further expenditure on sales and systems capabilities, partly offset by on-going cost efficiency initiatives. Investment in brand development continued, with related marketing costs rising slightly behind the increase in revenue. EBITA margins also benefited from acquisitions and business combinations, particularly Foster's, and the reported EBITA margin for the group expanded by 100 bps to 18.2%.
Adjusted earnings growth of 15% reflects higher EBITA, boosted by the acquisition of Foster's, and a reduction in the effective tax rate to 27.5%, partly offset by increased finance costs driven by Foster's-related debt. Adjusted earnings per share were up 14% to 118.1 US cents.
Despite the adverse currency movements, free cash flow increased by US$205 million compared with the prior period, to US$1,684 million. Adjusted EBITDA, which includes dividends from MillerCoors but excludes the cash impact of exceptional items, increased by US$342 million (12%) with underlying growth enhanced by the contribution from Foster's. Capital expenditure, including that on intangible assets, of US$655 million was US$105 million lower than in the prior period. We have continued to invest, particularly in Africa, in order to address capacity constraints and to support growth. New brewing capacity was commissioned in South Sudan and Nigeria during the period and new capacity in Ghana, Tanzania, Peru, Uganda and Zambia is currently under construction. Working capital generated a net cash outflow during the period of US$219 million driven by the timing of payments to creditors, increased inventory value particularly in Africa and Latin America, utilisation of provisions in Australia and higher receivables in Europe due to growth in the modern trade channel. Net interest paid increased by US$190 million over the prior period reflecting increased debt primarily reflecting the acquisition of Foster's, but the timing of a one off tax cash inflow in Australia more than offset this.
The group's gearing ratio as at 30 September 2012 reduced to 65.0% from 68.6% at 31 March 2012 (as restated). Net debt was reduced by US$750 million to US$17,112 million. An interim dividend of 24.0 US cents per share, up 2.5 cents (12%) from the prior year's interim dividend, will be paid to shareholders on 14 December 2012.
- In Latin America, EBITA grew by 15% (14% on a constant currency basis) and EBITA margin improved strongly, reflecting increased volumes and selective price increases, combined with variable production and other cost efficiencies. Lager volumes grew by 4% and soft drinks by 3%, with volume improvements more modest in the second quarter as a result of a slowdown in the pace of economic growth. Group revenue per hl grew by 4% on a constant currency basis. Soft drink volume improvements benefited from wider availability and pack range extensions of our non-alcoholic malt brands.
- In Europe, reported EBITA declined by 10% (5% on an organic, constant currency basis) with an EBITA margin decline of 170 bps (200 bps on an organic, constant currency basis) driven by negative mix and higher raw material costs together with increased level of marketing spend in advance of peak trading. Reported EBITA was impacted by the weakening of European currencies against the US dollar, but benefited from our alliance with Anadolu Efes. Lager volumes improved by 9% on an organic basis, driven by selective price reductions together with growth in the economy segment and the benefit in the second quarter from cycling a weak comparative period. Performance continues to be affected by the shift from on-premise to off-premise consumption as well as growth of the modern trade channel, particularly discounters. Group revenue per hl declined by 2% on an organic, constant currency basis reflecting negative mix and the price resets. We increased market share in Poland, Romania and some other countries, as we repositioned our brand portfolios, launched new variants and enhanced sales execution.
- In North America, EBITA increased by 6% with strong pricing and positive brand mix, partly offset by increased marketing costs and lower volumes. MillerCoors' domestic sales to retailers (STRs) were down 2% on a trading day adjusted basis, with sales to wholesalers (STWs) 1% lower on an organic basis following a slight build-up of distributor stocks. The decline in premium light and economy volumes was partly offset by double digit volume growth in the Tenth and Blake craft and imports division.
- Reported EBITA in Africa increased by 8% (19% on an organic, constant currency basis) with lager volumes up by 6% on an organic basis. Growth was strong in most markets, although second quarter growth was reduced by the effect of a 25% excise increase in Tanzania. Subsidiary EBITA margins remained under pressure reflecting the impact of capacity expansion-related costs, commodity cost pressures and continued building of our sales and marketing capability. Total EBITA margin improved by 200 bps principally as a result of the combination of our Angola and Nigeria businesses with Castel and associated synergies. Other beverage categories contributed significantly to total volume growth, with soft drinks 8% higher and other alcoholic beverages up 12%, both on an organic basis.
- The acquisition of Foster's and higher profits in China and India resulted in reported EBITA in Asia Pacific increasing by 265% (10% on an organic, constant currency basis). Lager volumes improved by 5% on an organic basis while reported volumes grew by 17%. Our associate in China, CR Snow, continued to deliver good growth with volumes up 4% on an organic basis although the second quarter saw volume declines in Sichuan, Anhui and Fujian provinces. In India volumes increased by 23% driven by strong growth in Andhra Pradesh, partly cycling trade restrictions in the prior period, combined with double digit growth across other key states.
- In Australia, lager volumes declined by 8% on a pro forma(1) basis, slightly worse than the market, excluding the impact of the termination of some licensed brands and the loss of two trading days. Including these impacts lager volumes declined by 13%. Good progress continues to be made on plans to strengthen the brand portfolio and commercial trading relationships, to accelerate the realisation of synergies and to improve operational performance.
- South Africa: Beverages' EBITA decreased by 4% (but increased by 11% on a constant currency basis). EBITA margin expanded by 10 bps benefiting from price increases, operational efficiencies and fixed cost productivity, partly offset by a non-recurring charge in our associate, Distell. Group revenue per hl grew by 6% on a constant currency basis. Lager volumes grew by 1% and we continued to gain market share in a challenging economic and trading environment. Soft drinks volumes grew by 8%, cycling a relatively weak comparative period in the prior year and benefiting from increased channel penetration.
- The business capability programme progressed in line with expectations, with net operating benefits of US$115 million in the six months. The most significant contributions came from Trinity (global procurement) and European regional manufacturing. The exceptional costs of the programme were US$70 million during the half year (2011: US$115 million). The global IS solution was deployed in Ecuador and preparations continue for the next release, due to be initiated in Poland after the year end.
22 Nov. 2012