Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Fitch rates Anheuser-Busch InBev’s USD4bn issues at ‘A’
ABIFI's notes rank pari passu with most of ABI's other debt and benefit from the same system of unconditional, full and irrevocable cross guarantees enjoyed by debt incurred by Anheuser-Busch InBev NV/SA, Anheuser-Busch InBev Worldwide Inc, Anheuser-Busch Companies LLC. (formerly Anheuser-Busch Companies Inc), Brandbrew S.A. and CoBrew NV. The debt of these entities accounted for the majority of group debt. AmBev, an important cash generator within the ABI group and currently in a net cash position remains however excluded from the pool of guarantors. Based on the ABIFI notes prospectus, ABI also has the option to exclude Grupo Modelo SAB de CV (Modelo) when its acquisition is finalized.
Please refer to the group structure chart in Fitch's Credit Update for ABI published on 14 December 2012 atfor full details of the relations among the entities mentioned above and their total indebtedness. ABIFI was only incorporated in December 2012 and, therefore did not have any outstanding debt or cash flow generation at the time of our last Credit Update.
ABI's credit profile is supported by the following key factors, among others:
Leading Global Player:
ABI's rating benefits from its size and leadership in the global beer industry, benefiting from a broad portfolio of local and global brands, sold across all pricing points, as well as strong routes to market and a highly effective approach to managing costs. ABI's operations are balanced across profitable, mature markets and high growth ones.
Rating Affirmation on Modelo acquisition:
The affirmation in July 2012 of ABI's 'A' IDR following the agreement to acquire 50% of Modelo reflected Fitch's expectation that the transaction (expected to complete in 2013) will only mildly derail the process of steady deleveraging achieved through to end-2011 and that full control of Modelo will strengthen ABI's business and financial profile. Future financial policies, combined with very strong free cash flow (FCF) generation, should enable ABI to maintain net debt/EBITDA at or below 2.0x from end-2014.
Superior Cash Flow Generation:
ABI's FCF of between USD5bn and USD7bn annually projected for 2012-2015 is superior both in dollar terms and as a proportion of sales to most corporates in the 'A' rating category. Fitch calculates that ABI's lease, pension, minority dividend adjusted net debt/EBITDARP and funds from operations (FFO) adjusted leverage will only temporarily exceed 2.0x and 2.5x respectively in 2013, despite up to approximately USD15.4bn merger and acquisition net spending over 2012-2013 from the Dominicana and Modelo acquisitions and increases to dividend payouts.
RATING SENSITIVITY GUIDANCE:
Negative: Future developments that could lead to negative rating actions include:
- Any debt-funded acquisitions, material signs of weakness in the company's Brazilian or US operations or generous shareholder distributions causing leverage to remain at or above 2.0x-2.5x on a permanent basis.
While not expected before 2014, future developments that could lead to a positive rating action include:
- a combination of leverage falling closer to 1.0x, EBITDA-based interest cover rising to more than 10x-12x, wider geographic diversification while maintaining strong profitability and lower M&A risk.
17 Jan. 2013