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Global hop market

A local alternative to mass beer suggested by independent brewers has been successful and is now altering the global market. Beer is becoming more diversified, so transnational companies have to accept the new game rules and to switch focus to young and fast growing markets. All these processes increased the demand for aroma and bitter hop as well as their acreage expansion on two continents. However now there appeared a downward trend of alcohol consumption in the world, so even special sorts can soon turn to be sufficient. In this connection the dynamic American hop market is already facing some problems. EU hop producers have become more cautious, they are not racing to exceed the demand and look forward with more confidence, judging by the contract terms. 

Hop Market in Russia

Germany still dominates the Russian market, yet over the recent two years one has been able observe a continuous success of Czech hop suppliers. Their expansion and growing popularity of hops from the United States became the drivers of supplies growth in 2016 despite the preceding modest harvest crop in the EU, as well as the factor of relative stability in 2017. In this connection, in 2017, the ratio of the varieties continued to shift towards the aroma ones, and the supplies of Magnum hop and other alpha varieties were reduced. However, the import of bitter hop pellets is partially replaced by extracts, especially from the major beer manufacturers. Total volumes of alpha acid supplies, according to our estimation, decreased by approximately 5% and returned to the level of 2015. Barth Haas Group continues dominating the hop products market; HVG also increased its weight. At the same time, Morris Hanbury significantly reduced the supplies in 2017.

China. Baijiu far outperforming nation’s beer market

Chinese people may be shifting away from traditional alcoholic drinks like baijiu, an industry already hit hard by Beijing’s crackdown on corruption, but top distillers like Kweichow Moutai still offer a good investment opportunity, says a new Macquarie research report.

ChinaMacquarie rates the nation’s top distillers, including the Shanghai-listed Kweichow Moutai, and Shenzhen-listed Yanghe Brewery as “outperform”, tagging the first as its top pick among China’s alcoholic beverage companies.

“We consider Moutai a good defensive play in a weak market, given its continuing recovery in earnings growth, strong balance sheet, and cheap valuation,” Macquarie analysts led by Chen Zibo said in the report.

“We see potential ex-factory price hikes a share price catalyst. 10 per cent hike in average selling price would lead to 15 per cent increase in earnings, according to our sensitivity analysis.”

The growth of China’s alcoholic beverage industry has slumped since 2012, with Beijing stepping up its crackdown on corruption and extravagance. But the baijiu market still grew 12 per cent a year by value and 7 per cent by volume during 2012-2014, making it the most resilient performer among all major categories in the alcohol industry, far outperforming the nation’s beer market.

Baijiu sales have been recovering since the second half of 2014. Sales in October 2015 reached 49.43 billion yuan (HK$58.55 billion), a 15 per cent increase year on year.

“We expect Moutai’s net profit to gradually recover to 11 per cent and 10 per cent growth in its financial year of 2017 and 2018 respectively, compared to 5 per cent in 2015, mainly driven by volume growth in the high-end market on the back of product mix upgrades and its outstanding brand equity,” the report said.

The potential for an ex-factory price hike, and the ongoing reform of state-owned enterprise could provide a positive surprise to the earnings forecasts, the report said.

Macqaurie’s target price for the Moutai stock is 280 yuan for the 2017 financial year, based on a price-earnings ratio of 18. For Yanghe Brewery, the target price is 76 yuan, based on a price-earnings ratio of 15.

“We expect Yanghe’s net profit to grow by 13 per cent in financial year 2016, 16 per cent in 2017, and 16 per cent in 2018, higher than the estimated growth for Moutai, thanks to its strategic focus and strengthened leadership in the fastest growing, mass- and mid-end segments,” the report said.

But according to Elephant Magazine, a popular China-based encyclopedia-style e-magazine, the outlook for the sector is bleak as baijiu drinkers “would have no successors”.

“High-end baijiu revived only in 2015 as Chinese families sharply cut down the consumption of the drink in the last three yeas,” said one of its recent reports, pointing out that healthier diets and a more Western lifestyle marked by alcoholic drinks such as wine are keeping more and more Chinese away from baiju.

“Half of the main consumers who drink baijiu more than once a day are above 45, and 44 per cent of them are positioned at the bottom of the society. Baijiu consumers in China are dying.”

But analysts say it is wrong to undervalue competitive companies even in a sunset industry. “Leaders in sunset industries are a good buy as they profit from the ones forced out of a shrinking market. These leaders can offer you 10 times earnings growth in 10 years,” said a Hong Kong-based trader who did not want to be identified.

1 Feb. 2016



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