Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Analysis of beer market in China
China’s transition to a “new normal” reality backfired on the brewing industry unexpectedly. Stagnation and subsequent market decline resulted from dynamic social and economic changes. There has emerged a “two speed” market where the medium class significance is growing, yet the share of main beer consumers, “blue collar” is decreasing. Also the inflow of consumers is shrinking, as demographics stopped being a growth driver. Finally, beer is giving way to other alcohol drinks....
In high spirits: India’s drinking laws
According to Delhi excise rules, no individual can stock more than 18 litres of wine, liquor, beer, cider and alcopop and 9 litres of Indian and foreign liquor (whisky, rum, gin,vodka) at home or for parties. Those travelling from another state to the capital cannot carry more than a litre of any category of liquor and those coming from abroad can bring only 2 litres of foreign liquor with them.
The state allows households to stock 2 bottles of IMFL (Indian Made Foreign Liquor); 1 case of beer (650 ml per bottle); 2 bottles of imported liquor of any size (either 1 litre of 5 litres); 2 bottles of country-made liquor and a bottle of brandy. Those looking to stock more can obtain a L-50 permit (annual fee of Rs 1,000 and lifetime fee of Rs 10,000).
It allows individuals to stock 6 bottles (750 ml each) of country liquor; 18 bottles (750 ml) of IMFL liquor, of which 6 bottles can be of Imported Foreign Liquor; 12 bottles (650 ml) of beer ; 6 bottles (750 ml) of rum; 12 bottles of wine and 6 bottles (750 ml) of vodka/gin/cider. For those still not satisfied, the state allows more private possession through a L-50 form, that can be bought for Rs 200 (for a year) and Rs 2,000 (lifetime payment).
Till 1976, liquor could only be bought in this north-eastern state through a prescription from a registered medical practitioner, but the law was amended in 1976. The state now allows its residents 12 IMFL bottles of “reputed” alcohol, each of a maximum 750 ml. There are no provisions for stocking more.
The state allows residents 12 bottles or 9 litres of IMFL. There are, however, provisions for individuals looking to hold parties. For domestic parties, licences can be bought for
Rs 2,000 plus taxes while for commercial ones, the rate has been set at Rs 10,000 plus taxes.
36 bottles of whisky and 48 of beer permitted per person. For anything more, the L-50 licence is applicable. The hill state also offers concessions under a special licence called 50-A.
The sunshine state allows 12 bottles of IMFL liquor; 24 bottles of beer; 18 bottles of country liqour, 6 bottles of denatured spirit and rectified spirit at home. Goa, though, has strict punishment for violators. As per its excise act, punishment includes (rigorous) imprisonment which may extend to seven years, with or without fine (minimum punishment not to be less than six months).
22 Feb. 2016