Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
Beer market of Vietnam: “Young tiger”Vietnam is one of the few big beer markets that continue to grow steadily. The beer popularity results from its low price, street consumption culture, and social motives. The outlooks of beer market as well as the Vietnamese economy inspire optimism, though the country is heavily dependent on export of goods. The state regulation can be called liberal, but the key risk for brewers is harbored in intensive rising of excise. Within TOP-4 there are two leaders, Sabeco and Heineken that grow at the fastest rates. The first company effectively employs its capacities, the second one focuses on marketing technologies. Almost 80% of the market belongs to century-old brands, yet the middle class and the youth are shifting their interest toward international premium that is growing taking share from the mainstream.
Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
India. United Breweries board seeks legal view on Sebi’s ‘wilful defaulter’ rules
The independent directors on board of United Breweries (UBL), which has Heinekin and Vijay Mallya as the major shareholders, have sought legal opinion on the rules governing wilful defaulter.
Vijay Mallya, currently chairman of UBL, has also legally challenged the application of the new rules by capital market regulator on wilful defaulter and its implication to his board position at UBL. His contention is that he is a shareholder and promoter of the company.
"We have sought legal opinion to understand the Sebi notification and its implication on UBL and will decide on the course of action at our next board meeting," Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, chair of Biocon and independent board member on United Breweries, said.
Mallya recently resigned from the role of chairman at other companies such as Sanofi and Bayer. The RBI directives restrict a company or a director who has been declared a wilful defaulter from raising debt. Likewise, the new Sebi regulations restrict the company and a director who is a wilful defaulter from accessing the capital markets, except under limited circumstances.
"Neither the RBI directions nor Sebi rules require a director who is declared as a wilful defaulter to step down from a company," said Prem Rajani, managing partner of law firm Rajani Associates.
However, if such a director stands to be disqualified under section 164 of the Companies Act, he cannot be appointed as a director of any other company or be re-appointed as a director of the same company for a period of five years, he added. "The board of directors of the company may call upon such a director to step down from the company to save the company from being a wilful defaulter," Rajani said.
Officials close to Vijay Mallya said the notification is about nominating directors and the rule is not applicable to him as a promoter. Heinekin declined to comment on the subject, while Mallya did not respond to an email.
Relations between Mallya and Heineken are said to be cordial in the absence of any ownership or financial tussle between the two, said people aware of the matter. It's also understood that Mallya's chairmanship will remain unchallenged even if his stake fell.
Heineken now has a 43% in UB compared to Mallya's 32% in 2009, both had 37.5% each. After raising its stake recently to 42.2% for 24 million, Heineken said the move would not change UB's governance structure.
8 Jul. 2016