Analysis of beer market in China (on Russian)
Beer market of Ukraine: big three losing weightIn 2016, fast increase of excises and resulting price spike stood in the way of the beer market stabilization. Most of competition (as well as mass sorts) moved to the economy segment of the market. The biggest losses were incurred by the leading three, especially Obolon, which again experienced pressure after reallocation of Efes market share. However, one should already speak of TOP-4. Group Oasis CIS (PPB) became a strong player and competitor to transnational companies. Besides the net sales of many regional medium breweries look rather good and 16-fold cost reduction wholesale trade license for craft brewers opens up a possibility of rapid growth in 2017.
Analysis of beer market in China
China’s transition to a “new normal” reality backfired on the brewing industry unexpectedly. Stagnation and subsequent market decline resulted from dynamic social and economic changes. There has emerged a “two speed” market where the medium class significance is growing, yet the share of main beer consumers, “blue collar” is decreasing. Also the inflow of consumers is shrinking, as demographics stopped being a growth driver. Finally, beer is giving way to other alcohol drinks....
Vietnam. Delayed state divestment, listing restrict growth of Sabeco, Habeco
At Sabeco, the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), the state’s representative in the board of directors, approved Vu Quang Hai, son of former minister Vu Huy Hoang, as general director in 2015. Hai was 25 when he assumed the post, giving up his two-year position as the head of a loss-making PetroVietnam subsidiary.
Meanwhile, the State Audit of Vietnam’s 2015 audit of Habeco showed that the company’s unorthodox accounting practice made the 2014 net profit of VND927.13 billion ($42 million) unreliable.
Habeco has subsidiaries in the construction and real estate sectors that run projects behind schedule, which means its investment practices are inefficient. A subsidiary, Habeco Haiphong, is not using the whole land area it is assigned to manage, which is a waste of government property.
The Vietnam Association of Financial Investors (VAFI), which asked the MoIT to explain the assignment of Vu Quang Hai to the post of general director in June, said that such use of personnel is tantamount to weak governance and weak management of state capital. VAFI also claimed that Sabeco and Habeco grew slowly over the past eight years, even though the field of beer, alcohol, and beverage in Vietnam has a lot of potential.
According to Nguyen Dinh Cung, head of Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM), when leadership positions are assigned to people with no ability, companies will operate inefficiently.
Economist Le Dang Doanh and former head of the Development Strategy Institute Luu Bich Ho both agreed that only when the two companies become public and listed will they become more efficient.
Dao Van Hung, director of the Academy of Policy and Development, said that the private sector would do a much better job managing the two companies and that the government could reinvest its earnings from divesting from the two beer companies into infrastructure.
The state currently holds 90 per cent in Sabeco and 82 per cent in Habeco.
In the middle of May, leaders of Sabeco said they had proposed the government sell 53 per cent of its stakes currently owned by the state. As of now, there is no further information on this scheme.
12 Aug. 2016