Global hop marketA local alternative to mass beer suggested by independent brewers has been successful and is now altering the global market. Beer is becoming more diversified, so transnational companies have to accept the new game rules and to switch focus to young and fast growing markets. All these processes increased the demand for aroma and bitter hop as well as their acreage expansion on two continents. However now there appeared a downward trend of alcohol consumption in the world, so even special sorts can soon turn to be sufficient. In this connection the dynamic American hop market is already facing some problems. EU hop producers have become more cautious, they are not racing to exceed the demand and look forward with more confidence, judging by the contract terms.
Hop Market in RussiaGermany still dominates the Russian market, yet over the recent two years one has been able observe a continuous success of Czech hop suppliers. Their expansion and growing popularity of hops from the United States became the drivers of supplies growth in 2016 despite the preceding modest harvest crop in the EU, as well as the factor of relative stability in 2017. In this connection, in 2017, the ratio of the varieties continued to shift towards the aroma ones, and the supplies of Magnum hop and other alpha varieties were reduced. However, the import of bitter hop pellets is partially replaced by extracts, especially from the major beer manufacturers. Total volumes of alpha acid supplies, according to our estimation, decreased by approximately 5% and returned to the level of 2015. Barth Haas Group continues dominating the hop products market; HVG also increased its weight. At the same time, Morris Hanbury significantly reduced the supplies in 2017.
10+1 trends of Russian beer market 2015-2017Despite of the moderately negative prognoses for 2017, the beer market can be stabilized soon. Yet the years of the negative dynamics have resulted in marketing being limited just to “optimization” and the art of balancing between price and volumes. Bigger supermarkets share means stronger trade marketing. These processes are connected to the majority of the described trends. At the same time, the federal brands inflation leads to searching for new tastes, sales channels and contact formats that expand the product range and diversify the beer market, but do not imply a substantial volume increase. Let us enumerate and further discuss the ten trends of the beer market we can see in 2015-2017 as well as the major event of 2017.
Beer market of Ukraine 2017In the first half of 2017, the Ukrainian beer market goes on decreasing slowly. Yet, the companies manage to compensate their lost volumes by raising prices and improving the sales structures. This results in the mid price market segment reduction while the sales of premium brands are rising. These processes are connected to position strengthening of companies Carlsberg Group and Oasis and the market share reduction of Obolon. Most of the novelties by the market leaders belong to craft or hard lemon categories.
Beer market of Russia 2016: PET goes to draftThe beer market of Russia was warmed up by the hot summer, but the preparation for large volume PET prohibition has already impacted it negatively. The year was successful for Efes, MBC and regional producers; Carlsberg’s positions were virtually stable but AB InBev and Heineken lost a part of market share having focused on the sales profitability. The dynamics of big brands was determined by how much the companies were willing to keep the prices down or by their promotional activity. In this context the economy segment of the beer market and sales of inexpensive draft beer were increasing. The premium segment started shrinking due to license brands migrating to the mainstream segment.
China. Brewed in Beijing
“We’re able to brew craft beers that nobody has really brewed before,” says Jing-A cofounder and brewmaster Alex Acker ’00. “We’re able to find interesting and unique Chinese ingredients like Sichuan peppercorn and seasonal Chinese fruits — things that have never really been played around with.”
While by now, craft beer is responsible for almost 20 percent of beer consumption in the U.S., the industry is still in its infancy in China. Jing-A is poised to capitalize on the world’s largest market for beer, Acker says.
“Things have a way of changing very quickly in China,” he says. “Young people in particular here are very open and curious about new things. Many people here are also starting to care more about what they eat and drink — preferring quality and organic over mass-produced — so craft beer fits in with this.”
Acker began his career in public relations and went on to work at Apple in China, where he met Kristian Li. They quickly discovered a shared interest in homebrewing, and began making beers together. “We were both ready to take the leap into an entrepreneurial venture, and we were incredibly lucky to find this area that we both love,” he says. “Something clicked.”
They named the venture Jing-A, after the first run of license plates in Beijing (“Jing” is “capital” in Chinese). Nowadays, according to the brewery’s website, drivers would be lucky if they could snag a Jing-Q plate. Jing-A “represents old-school Beijing,” says Acker. “For people here in Beijing, it really resonates.”
It began while Acker and Li were working five days a week in the corporate world and brewing at night in whatever space they could find.
“The more positive feedback we started to get, we decided to make the jump from our day jobs into brewing full time,” he says.
When they opened the brewpub in spring of 2013, they finally had a facility where they could do the experimentation they wanted. In addition to Sichuan peppercorns, Acker has brewed with sweet osmanthus flower, jasmine tea, sake and watermelon.
“We’re constantly thinking about seasonal fruit ingredients that we can incorporate into our beer to create something really special,” he says.
It hasn’t all been smooth sailing for Acker, Li and Jing-A, however. For one thing, the microbrewing infrastructure isn’t in place yet.
“There were a lot of challenges finding our systems,” he remembers. “Where were we going to get our hops? Where were we going to get our malts?” China also presents a unique set of licensing, regulations and administrative challenges for the business. The nascent status of craft beer in the country also contributes to the difficulty operating Jing-A in the capital. But selling the beer and growing a fanbase is the easy part.
“Creating interest in our beers has never been the problem,” he says. “If anything, we’ve struggled to keep up with exploding demand for our beers over the years.”
In the near future, Jing-A plans to expand into Shanghai, Tianjin and Hong Kong — which means more taps in China’s three largest metropolitan areas. Acker hopes to eventually be able to export his beers to the United States.
“I think craft beer fans in the U.S. would get a kick out of our beers brewed with Chinese characteristics,” he says. For now, though, Acker is focused on his home market in China. Given that he planned to spend two years in Beijing before returning to the States for a “serious job,” he’s amazed that he’s now spent over 15 years there.
“Some people want the security of a successful corporate job, right?” he says. “That’s really kind of a personal choice — everybody’s different — but for now I’m very happy.”
Acker gives some of the credit for his entrepreneurial skills and risk-taking to his experiences at William & Mary. “I had an awesome experience at William & Mary,” he says. “The Chinese skills that I learned there were immediately useful, but I really grew up at William & Mary. The connections I made, the analytical skills, getting a major in economics — it’s all proven useful. I think William & Mary prepared me to be independent and build my career here in China.”
And if Jing-A does happen to brew a beer in honor of his alma mater, Acker has a few ideas on what to call it.
“We like to be a bit cheeky and irreverent with our beer names,” he says. “So maybe Tribe Tripel? College Delly Kolsch? Streak the Garden Summer Saison? Or Jump the Wall Juniper Pale Ale?”
19 Jan. 2016