Dmitry Nekrasov’s Philosophy — on the Past, Present and Future of Ukrainian Brewing IndustryA meeting with Dmitry Nekrasov always turns into a training course: “Introduction to brewing business“. We are talking to a clever “playing trainer“ a person that can be called a godfather of the Ukrainian craft. He has a dozen of successful projects to his name. Dmitry told us about craft beer in Ukraine, on market cycles, on specifity of operating in retail and HoReCa, on union of Ukrainian brewers and certainly, how a brewery of his own, First Dnipro Brewery is doing.
The market of import beer in Russia: review and databasesThe market of import beer is rapidly growing and changing. But while in the past years it was growing due to brands variety, in 2019 major and affordable brands from TOP-10 were developing actively. It seems that the fact of a brand origin from far abroad counties, even if it is not well known but has moderate price and good distribution provides for million liters of sales in the territory of Russia. Among distributors AB InBev Efes was far behind, yet the role of Baltika and suppliers of the second row got more important. The boom of German brands was followed by stagnation of import from other traditional regions (and Belarus) instead the supplies from Mexico, Lithuania and Asian countries grew considerably.
Russia: Positions of Brewing CompaniesThe review contains an analysis of interim performance of brewers in the first half of 2019. There are rather dynamic changes behind a modest industry growth. Baltika is again experiencing a stage of volumes and market share slid due to competition with AB InBev Efes. Because of the price competition and presence expansion in the modern trade company #2. has come close to the leading position. At the same time sales of Heineken Russia have continued growing which makes the premium part of the portfolio heavier. The market premiumization trend had been also confirmed by import brands. MBC and Zavod Trekhsosenskiy have been the most successful among federal market players. The market share of independent regional brewers and Ochakovo have continued falling as they are being squeezed out by the market leaders at their competitive fields.
Ukrainian beer market 2019: companies and brandsIn 2019 beer production and market have been still fluctuating about zero point. However, the past season was successful for brewers judging by the sales profitability. The price mix has improved due to rapid general market premiumization, as well as its particular aspect, the growth of import beer sales. By the season end AB InBev Efes improved its positions considerably. It turned out that consumers had not forgot Efes brands that had to leave the market, but started to recover rapidly. Against the stagnating market that meant sales decline of other companies, in the first place Carlsberg Group that most of all beneficiated from Efes exiting the market. PPB turned out to be stable to branding activity of its competitor and Obolon kept the same volumes and at the moment it is the absolute leader of the economy segment. The share growth of independent producers took place thanks to leading craft breweries, that so far do not have a big market weight, but they are rapidly gaining it.
Brewing industry in Kazakhstan 2019During the first half of 2019, the majority of Kazakh brewers made their contribution into positive dynamics. Yet it was companies of the lower division, not the two transnational leaders that raised their production and sales. The shares of draft beer and aluminum can which is rapidly squeezing glass bottle out of the market, have been growing. The price segmentation has remained stable despite the substantial rise of retail prices and fluctuations of brand market shares, while the borders between segments have become blurred. The main events in the industry have been: the announced revision of the beer excise policy, launch of BeerKhan brand in the strong beer segment, and most important – purchasing assets of Shymkentbeer by Arasan.
The trend of complication of Russian beer market is going on and in several directions at the same time. The range has got wider, the import and small segments are growing, namely craft beer, alcohol-free beer and special flavor beer. At the same time, all ex-mega brands and light lagers by Russian brewers are experiencing a decline of their shares. AB InBev Efes, Heineken, MBC and Pivzavod Trekhsosenskiy have exceeded the market, Carlsberg was developing slower than the market and Ochakovo as well as some other mid-sized breweries have been cutting down their volumes. To a big extent brewers’ performance was connected to their ability to reach agreement with networks, sacrifice their margin and enter new markets. Craft brewers are facing a serious danger of producers’ registration introduction – de facto licensing. ...
Heineken’s Shelf-Improvement Strategy
"Sales of beer in bars and restaurants have declined in the past years and will continue to decline, due to stricter regulations on advertising, the smoking ban in bars and restaurants in many European countries," says Mr. Debrosse. "This has shied people more away from beer than the economic crisis."
"In addition, tastes have changed; people would now rather drink a prosecco or ros? wine, whereas they would previously order a beer," he says.
For a company that has traditionally focused on selling beer for consumption outside the home, this change necessitates a serious rethinking of marketing strategy.
On top of the slow decline of bar and restaurant sales come Europe's demographics; the population is aging and as it does so, it is drinking less. In 2010, Heineken's Western European sales declined 4.6% to €7.89 billion ($11.3 billion).
"Older people go out less. The average 55-year-old European drinks 35 liters of beer a year, whereas the average 25-year-old consumes 150 liters," Mr. Debrosse says.
And this matters more to Heineken, the world's third-largest brewer by sales after Anheuser-Busch InBev NV and SABMiller PLC, because it is more exposed to the low-growth European market than any of its peers. In 2010, Heineken generated nearly half of its sales and around 40% of its operational profit in Western Europe. Nomura estimates it will generate 51% of its operational profit from Western Europe between 2010 and 2015, compared with only 7% for AB InBev, in the 2010-to-2015 period.
The acquisition in 2009 of the brewing operations of Mexico's Fomento Economico Mexicano, or Femsa, the second-largest brewer in Latin America, will reduce Heineken's reliance on the mature Western European market, but this market will, nevertheless, remain an important contributor to the group's profitability, Mr. Debrosse says.
If Heineken want to raise its game it needs to find new ways to sell beer to aging, bar-shy Europeans. One key move has been toward transforming itself into an enterprise that operates along the lines of fast-moving consumer-goods companies such as Procter & Gamble, Unilever and Nestl? SA—companies that really understand high-volume supermarket retailing.
In 2009, it appointed former Procter & Gamble manager Alexis Nasard as global commerce director. Other brewers have also appointed senior executives from FMCG companies, such as AB InBev's chief marketing officer, who joined from Coca-Cola, and Carlsberg's chief executive, who previously worked at Gillette.
Heineken will also step up its advertising and promotion spending, some 12% of revenue in 2010, to move closer to the 15%-20% that companies such as Nestl?, Unilever or Groupe Danone SA customarily spend.
"At present, the beer shelves in many major retailers look terrible, making the consumer want to leave them as soon as possible," Mr. Debrosse says.
Mr. Debrosse sees making these shelves more attractive as key to Heineken's strategy, and this involves entering into cooperation agreements with retailers on presentation and promotion. Its first agreement was signed with Carrefour, the world's second-largest retailer, at the end of 2009.
The cooperation with Carrefour will initially focus on France, Spain, Italy and Belgium, but Mr. Debrosse doesn't rule out an expansion to other countries or even continents. "Together with Carrefour, we are trying to grow the beer category, which is beneficial to both the retailer and the supplier," Mr. Debrosse says.
"Since we started cooperating with Carrefour last year, sales at Carrefour have been up 3% more than at other retailers in 2010," Mr. Debrosse says. But it will take at least two or three years to fully implement the initiatives in all Carrefour outlets, he adds.
As well as making shelving displays more attractive, Heineken will introduce its own branded refrigerators, and create special shelves to give prominence to its five-liter kegs.
It also plans to make the most of its sponsorship of the UEFA Champions League, a European football competition, by holding tournament-themed events at Carrefour and bringing entertainment into the shops with screens showing highlights of the matches.
Mr. Debrosse stresses that "the cooperation is not so much focused on [price] promotions" but on creating a different kind of shopping experience. Price-cutting can be quickly matched by competitors. "It is difficult to compete on price as retailers follow each other's promotions quickly. We therefore need to attract the shopper with something else," he says.
Walking down the beer aisle in a Carrefour hypermarket in a suburb in Paris, shoppers can't escape the Heineken brand. They are confronted with a choice of 12 different packages of the Dutch brewer's flagship brand in neatly stacked cans and bottles of various sizes, next to a similar amount of choice in Heineken's Desperados, a beer flavored with tequila. The two brands take up about 75% of the store's beer shelves.
Mr. Debrosse says he expects to be able to boost Carrefour's beer sales by a high-single-digit percentage in the next three years, with Heineken, as the initiator, taking the largest percentage of the growth.
And while other brewers are also in talks with retailers to make their displays more tempting, they are doing it on a country-by-country basis, Mr. Debrosse says, whereas Heineken can use its European scale and market position to agree on European-wide agreements with the retailers, as it has done with Carrefour.
Heineken says it has the No. 1 position in the U.K., Spain, Ireland, Portugal and its home market, the Netherlands, in terms of sales volume.
Meanwhile, it has recently started talks with U.K. supermarket giant Tesco PLC as well as Germany's Metro AG and Lidl on cooperation agreements similar to the one it has with Carrefour.
The brewer is also planning to roll out its Desperados brand across Europe this year, following the solid growth of the tequila-flavored beer in France.
14 Июн. 2011