Beer market of Kazakhstan acquired both traits of East European countries and South Eastern Asia taking a transitional position between them by many criteria and consumption style. Yet there is a positive trend in beer production which differs Kazakhstan from most of the neighboring countries. The market has remained consolidated in the hands of two international players because of its small size. However, it faces dynamic processes such as fast growth of draft beer sales, up and downs of regional companies and Carlsberg Group’s ultimate expansion. Excessive mainstream segment has declined over the recent years, yet, Zhigulevskoe and national brands with regional links have yielded their positions to a range of new products. In our review special attention was paid to regional analysis of the markets. In 14 regions of Kazakhstan we compared the companies’ positions, the market price segmentation and DIOT channel development. Besides we have compared the beer market of Kazakhstan to neighboring countries. ...
Beer market of Russia 2018
- General market picture
- Foreign trade setting records
- Demography as challenge to branding
- Aged consumer
- Declining of youth brands
- Nostalgia on trend
- DIOT feels at home
- 5.0 Original is the new face of import
- Positions of Market Leaders
- Carlsberg Group
- AB InBev Efes
- AB InBev
Ukrainian beer market 2018
- Better than yesterday
- Performance by value
- Positions of Ukrainian brewers
The beer market dynamics in Russia is approaching zero, yet major brewers are divided into those who developed considerably in 2017 and those who considerably reduced their volumes. For instance, company Efes has managed to substantially extend their sales due to restrained pricing policy and activity in the modern trade. Heineken has also demonstrated an excellent performance promoted by significant increase of advertisement budgets launching a non-alcohol sort of the title brand and unusual activity in the economy market segment. Carlsberg and AB InBev have been focusing on margins and lost a market share of their inexpensive brands. Serious dependence on PET package and mass enthusiasm about Zhigulevskoe have negatively impacted the most of big regional brewers, that have been for the first time pressed by the leaders in the key sales channels, especially in Volga and Central regions. In the small business there has been a noticeable slowdown in appearing of new restaurant breweries, yet the number of craft breweries has been growing rapidly. In 2018, the beer market is likely to grow a little, while the share of AB InBev Efes may decrease due to the integration. ...
India. Naming Mallya wilful defaulter fraught with challenges, RBI role crucial
"For a bank to stamp a defaulter wilful, it has to be shown that loan was not repaid despite the promoters having money in their bank. And since money is usually transferred out of the accounts of the defaulting company, the onus is on the banker to prove that funds were siphoned off," says an official of a Kolkata-headquartered bank which had stopped short of pronouncing Kingfishger as a wilful defaulter.
On Tuesday, Punjab National Bank (PNB) became the third public sector lender to declare the Kingfisher and its two guarantors - United Breweries and Mallya - as wilful defaulters. Earlier, United Bank of India and State Bank of India had done the same.
United Bank of India had briefly hogged the limelight in 2014 when it named Kingfisher promoter Vijay Mallya and its directors as wilful defaulters, and even published a list of people of such infamy, triggering a country-wide debate on ways to tackle bulging NPA levels in the banking system.
But the Calcutta High Court played spoilsport, nulling United Bank's decision mainly on technical grounds like failure of the bank to follow the norms laid down by Reserve Bank of India to identify a borrower as wilful defaulter.
According to the master circular of the Reserve Bank of India, a bank is required to set up a two-tier mechanism to identify a wilful defaulter. First tier is the Identification Committee, who will identify a wilful defaulter on the basis of cogent evidence. Its finding is then required to be considered by the second tier, the Grievance Redressal Committee, after affording the defaulting borrower a reasonable opportunity of hearing by the committee.
United Bank was then forced to strike off names of Kingfisher, its directors, and also several other defaulters like Bipin Bohra of SPS Group. After the jolt, the bank has now turned its attention to United Breweries (Holdings), whose name has appeared on its revised defaulters' list as a guarantor to Kingfisher.
The role of RBI has also been brought into question by the bank. Apart from commenting that "natural justice ought to have been read in the relevant clause of the master circular", the court last July asked RBI to present itself in the case of UB Holdings vs United Bank of India since the master circular would require interpretation, and that the court was "likely to take a serious view of the matter" if RBI fails.
Following this, RBI filed an affidavit-in-opposition and has now begun expressing its views on the case.
The Calcutta High Court would conclude hearing RBI on Wednesday, which would play a crucial role in banking sector's effort to nail Mallya, who has so far enjoyed upper hand in the legal process.
If United Bank's effort falters this time too, it is quite likely that PNB's declaration will meet the same fate.
17 Фев. 2016